Skip to content

Account mappings

This section describes how to create patterns to map Osirium PAM user accounts to device accounts through profiles. The following topics are included in this section:

Mapping accounts to pre-existing privileged accounts

Account mappings are a useful tool for organisations that have already created individual privileged accounts on devices for their users and want to continue using them.

When a mapping is created, the mapping pattern is applied to each Osirium PAM user and the resulting mapping is stored in the account mapping matrix. Once a username entry with the mapping applied has been created and listed in the matrix, the entry can be edited.

The application of mappings can help with the following scenarios: - Active Directory naming conventions for which Osirium PAM has all the required information to apply a correct pattern. - Active Directory naming conventions where Osirium PAM doesn't have all the information to apply a correct pattern. - Users that need to be assigned an account from a pool of privileged accounts. - Unique conventions that don't fit into just one mapping.

Once the mapping has been applied and the results stored in the matrix for each user, you will be able to create a profile to grant multiple users access to the device using the mapping as an access level.

For example:

  1. User account john.smith_admin already exists on the device.

    W2K8 account user properties

  2. Once this account is audited in Osirium PAM, in order to use it with an account mapping the state needs to be Known or Managed.

    W2K8 account auth service state

  3. Within Osirium PAM the mapping is created as follows: %username%_admin.

    Manage account mapping table

    Along with an entry in the matrix.

    Manage account mapping matrix tab

  4. The mapping can then be selected within a profile:

    W2k8 Profile add access level mapping

  5. Osirium PAM user john.smith logs onto the UI.

  6. From the UI the RDP tool is launched. Osirium PAM uses the users mapped username entry stored in the matrix (john.smith_admin) to log onto the device along with the known password.

Manage account mappings

The Manage account mappings page contains a Mappings and Matrix tab. The information contained in the tabs is as follows:

Tab Description
Mappings Lists the account mappings that have been created and can be used.
Matrix When an account mapping is created, it is used to create a mapping for each user which is then listed in the matrix. Users will have a mapping for each account mapping created.

Trigger scan

Before you trigger a scan, a pattern must be selected. Triggering a scan, runs the MappedAccountScan task against the users/devices in the profile the account mapping has been used in. This task verifies if the appropriate account exists on the devices or account sources relevant to the profile.

The task will fail if expected mapped accounts are not found. View the log to find out which accounts weren't found on the device/authentication services.

Mappings tab

The mappings tab is used to store the mappings that are applied to the users to create the matrix entries.

The information presented on the Mappings tab includes:

Heading Description
Name Internal name to identify the mapping and its purpose.
Pattern The pattern which is applied to the Osirium PAM user to create the users mapped username which is stored in the matrix.

This mapping can be selected as an access level within a profile.

!!! note Mappings will be done with diacritic (accents added to words) insensitivity and case insensitivity.

Source The source (i.e. Active Directory) that the account mapping will be linked. The source will be used to audit and check each account mapped entry in the matrix. If set to 'None' then no account source is available to audit against.
Notes Any additional information relating to the mapping.
# Profiles Total number of profiles the mapping is being used in.

Manage Account Mapping table

Creating an account mapping

Before creating account mappings consider the following cases and mapping substitutions available to help you understand what account mapping pattern you require.

Mapping substitutions

If we take the username: john.smith

  • %username1-20 : the first 1-20 characters of a username

  • %username% : the whole username as used by the user to log into the UI = john.smith

  • %first_initial% : the first character from the first part (given name) of the username = j

  • %first_part% : the whole of the first part (given name) of the username = john

  • %last_initial% : the first character of the second part (family name) = s

  • %last_part% : the whole of the second part (family name) of the username = smith

  • %email_address% : the entire email address associated with the Osirium PAM user = john.smith@xyzcompany.com

  • %email_username% : the username part of the users email address associated with the Osirium PAM user = john.smith

  • %email_username_first_part% : the whole of the first part of the users email address associated with the Osirium PAM user = john

  • %email_username_first_initial% : the first character from the first part of the users email address associated with the Osirium PAM user = j

  • %email_username_last_part% : the whole of the second part of the users email address associated with the Osirium PAM user = smith

  • %email_username_last_initial% : the first character of the second part of the users email address associated with the Osirium PAM user = s

Note

Mappings are case insensitive and will be forced to lowercase when saved.

Account mapping patterns

Case 1 2 3 4
Logon Name john.smith_admin joe.bloggs_admin alice.cooper_admin
sAMAccountName john.smith_admin joeb_admin alicec_admin administrator
FQDN ad.companyX.net ad.companyX.net
Explicit UPN john.smith_admin@ad.companyX.net joe.bloggs_admin@ad.companyX.net alice.cooper_admin@companyX.com
Implicit UPN
(if no eUPN defined =logonname@fqdn)
john.smith_admin@ad.companyX.net joeb_admin@ad.companyX.net alicec_admin@ad.companyX.com administrator@ad.companyX.net
Resultant 'Account' column john.smith_admin joe_bloggs_admin alice_cooper_admin@companyX.com administrator
Standard User john.smith joe.bloggs alice.cooper
Mapping %username%_admin %username%_admin %username%_admin@companyX.com
Note When FQDN = AD Auth Service FQDN When FQDN = AD Auth Service FQDN Builtin 'Administrator' does not have a logon name or display name
  1. On the Manage account mappings page, click the Plus icon New account mapping button.

  2. In the New account mapping window, configure the pattern. The pattern will differ depending on whether you want to use the Domain FQDN or a UPN Suffix.

    The following table gives you an example of how your pattern should be created:

    New account mapping

    Fill in the following details:

    Heading Description
    Name Internal name to identify the mapping and its purpose.
    Pattern Enter the pattern that will be applied to Osirium PAM user when accessing a device.

    NOTE Patterns are case-insensitive. Any capital letters typed in the Pattern field will save as lower-case.

    Source Select the source that will be used to audit the account mapping entry.
    Notes Any additional information relating to the pattern.
  3. Click Save. The pattern will now be available in the access level drop-down list when adding devices to a profile. See Manage Profiles.

    W2k8 Profile add access level mapping

Editing an account mapping

See Common Interface Functions section for inline editing.

Deleting an account mapping

Deleting a mapping will remove all devices using that mapping, from every profile which uses the mapping.

Matrix tab

The matrix lists all the mapping entries that have been created per user for all the account mapping patterns listed.

The account mapping matrix displays the full matrix of usernames created per user from the account mapping patterns. These results can be edited to allow for granular customisation of the mapping entry.

The information presented on the Matrix table includes:

Heading Description
Status icon - Grey: No account source to audit against.

- Red: Account name not found when audited against the account source.

- Yellow: Account has been found but is not in a Known state.

- Green: Account verified by the account source and is usable.

Username Username of the user as listed in Osirium PAM.
Mapping Name Name of the mapping the account entry is linked to.
Mapping Mapping pattern that is applied to the username.
Entry Username with the mapping applied.
Source Source used to audit the entry.

Matrix tab

Only the mapping entry field can be edited.

When a mapping is deleted so are the matrix entries created from the mapping.